An EV vehicle is an ecologically friendly, green, and clean vehicle that creates minor effects considering nature and the environment, operating through electricity. 

Environment-friendly vehicles emit less harmful gases and contribute to a neat and clean nation than conventional cars. 

Since the globe is going under innovative technology, initiating environmentally friendly vehicles can undoubtedly support the concept of smart cities.

Since the world is suffering from air pollution very seriously, the invention of environmentally friendly vehicles is more durable, less toxic, and less resource-consuming. 

The environmentally-friendly vehicles can tackle air pollution issues, going under less emission of the greenhouse gases (GHGs) and following the concept of reducing, reusing, and recycling. 

Numerous countries have targeted and adopted long-term goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and drive toward cleaner and healthier electric vehicle technology.

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1. Norway

Norway is regarded as one of the earliest countries to promote the concept of electric vehicles. To cut off the emission levels of the GHGs, the Norwegian government has adopted several strategies, promoting electric vehicles on a large scale. 

The Norwegian people experienced a miracle once they learned that the country seemed pollution-free using electric vehicles. 

Norway initiated the first-class charging system and the infrastructure that developed approximately 15000 public charging stations to support EV activities in the future. 

The country has plans to expand the EV system and the charging stations throughout the nation as much as possible since they account for 74.8 % of the plug-in electric vehicles system. 

By 2025 it is expected to make 100 % electric systems in the vehicle. It’s a success story in Norway when it comes to EV.

2. Netherland

Netherlands - EV friendly
Tesla cruising in streets of Netherlands (source)

The Netherlands has targeted that by 2025 all the conventional vehicles run by diesel and petrol will be refined and moved to the electric system. 

The country has proposed the rule and sent it to the parliament. In the Netherlands, the plan is to increase the investment in electric vehicles. They have targeted not to take the tax off the short-range electric cars.

3. Germany

Germany - EV friendly
Futuristic Hybrid Electric car in Mercedes Benz Museum, Germany (source)

Germany has a long-term goal that by 2050 the country is expected to cut off greenhouse gas emissions by 80 % by applying the electric vehicle system within the country. 

Despite accounting for only 0.6 % of new vehicle sales, it has a long-term goal to keep 1 million electric cars on the German roads in the coming days.

4. India

India - EV friendly
Electric scooter on a charger in Maharashtra, India (source)

India has been ranked at the top in smog pollution for many years. People are compelled to use fossil fuels in various parts of India due to the lack of renewable energy systems even in this 21st century. 

Considering this big issue now, India has prioritized this concern. It reveals that by 2030 it will invest in electric vehicles rather than wills to make all the cars electric. 

5. Nepal

Two years back, Kathmandu of Nepal was ranked as the worst city in terms of air pollution throughout the globe. 

The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) initiated the electric mobility program in 2017, the crucial implementation of Nepal’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). 

There are numerous long-term goals to promote cleaner and greenery production, which entails that Nepal will initiate the electrical (hydro-powered) rail by 2040 to support the massive goods transportation.

The country targets to decrease reliance on fossil fuels and the transport sector by 50 % within 2050 and promote electric vehicles. 

Apart from this, the nationally determined contribution has plans to increase the share of electric cars up to 20% in the future. Several cities of Nepal have announced the pollution-free zone, promoting the electric vehicular area.

Why is the country becoming EV-friendly?

Travel - EV friendly
EV scooters for sustainable travel (source), Buy Razor Power Core E90 Electric Scooter in this Purchase Link.

Numerous findings have stressed their view in regards to eco-friendly products. Upon the establishment of the EV products, the environmental footprints of the countries have been reduced significantly. 

In the present context, the countries have adopted the strategy of environment-friendly techniques that can keep the carbon footprint at a minimum. 

Since there is a tremendous increase in the level of CO2 in most countries, the concept of EV is always the topmost priority.

The durable mechanism in the environment-friendly vehicles can make us use for a longer time, thereby reducing the accumulation of the wastes in our landfill sites.

The emission of harmful gases from cars minimizes pollution using clean fuels. Introducing a more advanced intelligent charging system within electric vehicles can be an enormous advantage. Economically, electric fuel is significantly cheaper than petrol and diesel and convenient to maintain. 

Since there are battery electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, they are more affordable to register, support the renewable energy system in the electricity grids, and many more.

The research findings insisted that, on average, running one electric car on the road can reduce 1.5 million grams of CO2. 

With the advancement in technology in this 21st century, reusing and recycling the battery has become very popular in the case of the electric vehicle, thereby promoting renewable energy

As people face the detrimental effects of air pollution, the inventory and development of electric cars are foremost to eradicate the issue of air pollution in the future. 


It’s always not possible to use fossil fuels since it raises the issue of air pollution and its impact on the environment for a prolonged period.

Several countries have targeted the outline of the electric vehicle. Countries including Nepal, India, China, Netherland, Sweden, and Norway are on the way to making the country pollution-free. 

Using the electric vehicles with the electric and plug-in recharging system will reduce the revenue cost and promote greenery. 

Norway has become the world’s largest country in terms of targeting the electric vehicle system; it’s a massive lesson for us to learn that every nation should follow the aims and goals of Norway. 

(Last Updated on June 24, 2022 by Sadrish Dabadi)

Kalpana Ghimire holds a post-graduate degree in Environmental Science from Nepal. She possesses numerous research experiences working in water pollution, community forestry, environment conservation status, and wildlife ecology. She was an internee in the Department of Environment (EIA monitoring and auditing section) under the Government of Nepal. Kalpana Ghimire is an avid traveler, an enthusiastic wildlife researcher, and has a huge passion for working in the environment sector. She loves far traveling to the natural areas, conducting field wildlife research and reading the novels.