The average hurricane season consists of 11 named storms in which six of them become hurricanes, and only two hurricanes reach or exceed the third category.
Usually, the hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30, with the peak period from early August to late October.
Based on historical records and facts, the 2005 season was the most destructive when 28 named storms were recorded, 15 of which were hurricanes.
Four of them hit the American coast, including Katrina, which killed more than 1.3 thousand people in the southern states.
Here we have listed the ten most active hurricane seasons with major hurricanes that occurred with their most devastating impacts.
Table of Contents
- 1. Year 2005, 15 Hurricanes with 7 major Hurricane
- 2. Year 2020, 14 Hurricane with 7 Major Ones
- 3. Year 2010, 12 hurricanes with 5 major Ones
- 4. Year 1969, 12 Hurricane with 5 Major Ones
- 5. Year 1933, 11 hurricanes with 6 major Ones
- 6. Year 1950, 11 Hurricanes with 6 major Ones
- 7. Year 1995, 11 Hurricanes with 5 Major Ones
- 8. Year 2017, 10 Hurricanes with 6 Major Ones
- 9. Year 1998, 10 Hurricane with 3 major Ones
- 10. Year 2012, 10 Hurricanes with 2 major Hurricane
1. Year 2005, 15 Hurricanes with 7 major Hurricane
|Significant Hurricane||Katrina and Wilma|
|Total Financial Damage||Over 172 Billion USD|
The 2005 Hurricane season came down in history as the most active season, repeatedly breaking previous records.
The effects of the season were widespread and ruinous, with at least 3912 deaths and record damage of over USD 172 billion.
Five of the season’s seven major hurricanes were responsible for most of the destruction of the storms that made landfall.
The Mexican States of Quintana Roo and Yucatan and the US States of Florida and Louisiana were each marked twice by major hurricanes. Haiti, Cuba, the Bahamas, Mississippi, Texas, and Tamaulipas were each hit once and, in each case, brushed by at least one more.
The season started on June 1, 2005, and lasted until November 30, though it effectively persisted until January 2006 due to continued storm activity.
A record of twenty-eight tropical and subtropical storms formed, of which a record fifteen became hurricanes.
Of these, seven strengthened into major hurricanes, five became Category 4 hurricanes, and a record four reached Category 5, the highest categorization strength for hurricanes on the record-tying Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale.
Among these Category 5 storms were Hurricanes named Katrina and Wilma. Katrina was the costliest, and Wilma was the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record.
The major hurricanes that 2005 brought with it are:
I. Hurricane Arlene, June
On June 9, Tropical Storm Arlene formed in the western Caribbean, crossing Cuba before making landfall in Florida on the 11th.
Arlene caused only moderate damage, despite a swimmer caught in a riptide and drowned in Miami Beach, Florida.
II. Cindy, July
Hurricane Cindy originated in the Gulf of Mexico on July 4. Initially thought to be a tropical storm, Cindy caused landfall in Louisiana on the 5th of July as a minimal hurricane.
It dropped up to 5 inches (130 mm) of rain, generating several hurricanes. It flooded some coastal areas, including Coden, Alabama, and killed 3 people. Cindy was later upgraded to a hurricane in the post-storm analysis.
III. Dennis, July
On July 5, Hurricane Dennis originated in the eastern Caribbean; it crossed Grenada before intensifying into a Category 4 hurricane, the strongest on record in July, with a pressure of 930 hPa.
Dennis hit Cuba with full force, then made a final landfall over Florida. The hurricane caused the death of 89 people (mostly in Haiti ) and caused 4 to 6 billion USD damage in Cuba and the United States.
IV. Katrina, August
Hurricane Katrina originated in mid-August over the Bahamas. It turned into a tropical storm on August 24 and reached hurricane intensity before making landfall in South Florida as a minor hurricane.
A few hours later, the storm entered the Gulf of Mexico and rapidly intensified into a Category 5 Hurricane on August 28.
Katrina turned into an extremely large Category 3 hurricane and made landfall on August 29 near the mouth of the Mississippi River.
Category 5 storm surge levels (as the storm weakened only in the past several hours) caused catastrophic damage along the coast of Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi.
Katrina was responsible for at least $81.2 billion in financial damage, making it the costliest natural disaster in US history.
It was the deadliest United States hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane, killing 1,836 people.
V. Rita, September
Hurricane Rita originated as a tropical storm over the Caicos and Turk Islands on September 18.
The storm turned into Category 2 intensity as it moved south of Florida on September 20; rapid intensification followed as Rita moved into the Gulf of Mexico.
The storm turned into a Category 5 hurricane on the 21st, making it the third (now fourth) most extreme hurricane on record in the Atlantic Basin.
Rita made landfall near Texas- Border Louisiana on September 24. Severe floods were reported in Port Arthur and Beaumont, Texas, while Cameron and Calcasieu Parishes in Louisiana were devastated.
6 people were confirmed dead from Rita’s direct effects, and the storm’s total damage is estimated at around $10 billion.
One hundred and thirteen indirect deaths were reported, mostly from the mass exodus from Houston, Texas, and neighboring counties.
VI. Wilma, October
Hurricane Wilma originated on October 17 in the southwestern Caribbean west of Jamaica and quickly strengthened.
On 19 October, it became the strongest tropical cyclone ever recorded in the Atlantic Basin. It had a wind speed of 185 mph (295 km/h) and a central pressure of 882 hPa.
The hurricane traveled slowly and struck Quintana Roo on October 22 as a Category 4 Hurricane, causing hefty damage to Cancun and Cozumel.
After leaving for the Gulf of Mexico, Wilma drastically changed directions and passed north of Cuba before striking south of Florida on the 24th as a Category 3 hurricane, then moving into the Atlantic Ocean and becoming extratropical.
Wilma is directly credited with 23 kills; Total damage is estimated at around $29 billion, mostly in the United States, Mexico, and Cuba.
2. Year 2020, 14 Hurricane with 7 Major Ones
|Total Fatalities||More than 417|
|Total Financial Damage||Over 51 Billion USD|
2020 was a record year for global storms and hurricanes, according to the “State of the Climate in 2020” report by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
The record season covers both the northern and southern hemispheres. In fact, during 2020, researchers and meteorologists recorded 102 tropical storms, an average that is much higher than that from 1981 to 2010 (85 tropical storms per year on average during this period).
As for the 2020 Atlantic hurricane season, 30 storms were recorded, a new record for Atlantic hurricanes that beats the previous record of 28 storms in 2005.
Seven major hurricanes have touched the Atlantic itself (“Great hurricane” means a storm with winds exceeding 177 km / h, therefore category 3 or higher).
The hurricane season, which officially started from June 1 to November 30, set a record pace of natural phenomena, ending with Hurricane Iota, the first Category 5 storm of the season. Damage occurred in rural and urban areas, and billions of dollars were lost.
This year, it also went down in history for the disasters that caused the most damage to crops, property damage and cost billions of dollars, according to a list maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
Hurricane Laura, which hit Louisiana, is currently ranked as the deadliest and most expensive disaster of the year, with 47 deaths and $19 billion in damage.
Finally, the researchers observed a new record phenomenon in super typhoon Goni. The latter was, in fact, the strongest tropical cyclone in history, an event that triggered more than 1 million people evacuation in the Philippines and which saw winds reach 290 km / h.
I. Laura, August
Laura, a Category 4 hurricane, struck the Louisiana coast near Cameron on August 20. It was accompanied by storms, wind speeds of up to 240 km / h, and floods in parts of Louisiana.
47 people died, and about 700,000 were without power with the financial damage of more than 19 billion US Dollars.
The phenomenon arrived in the United States as Category 4 but shortly afterward, it was downgraded to Category 3 (minimum of 178 km/h) and then 2 (minimum of 154 km/h). H). Hours later, it was downgraded to category 1 (minimum 119 km/h).
The center of the hurricane was located about 72 km north of the city of Lake Charles, with winds of 160 km/h.
II. Eta, November
On November 1, Tropical Storm Eta formed in the Caribbean Sea. Eta became a hurricane on November 2, reaching Category 4 then impacting Central America. Several hundred victims were deplored between Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Panama, and Costa Rica.
Across the Atlantic basin, Hurricane Eta, the 12th of the season, was the second most powerful, with a minimum pressure of 923 hPa and sustained winds at 130 knots (top of category 4). Eta reached its intensity peak on the night of November 2 to 3 off Nicaragua.
III. Iota, November
A few days later, Tropical Storm Iota originated in the Caribbean Sea, resulting from an active tropical wave that generated flooding in the West Indies. Iota became a hurricane on November 15.
Aerial surveillance on November 16 confirmed that Iota had become the strongest hurricane of the season in the basin with sustained winds of 140 knots and a minimum pressure of 917 hPa.
Such values had never been observed in the basin so late in the season.
In November, Iota became the second Category 5 hurricane ever observed in the Atlantic Basin.
84 people died due to hurricane Iota with more than 1.4 billion US Dollars in financial damage.
3. Year 2010, 12 hurricanes with 5 major Ones
|Significant Hurricane||Igor and Julia|
|Total Financial Damage||7.39 Billion USD|
2010 hurricane season was exceptionally active. 19 tropical storms (the third-highest number ever recorded), 12 hurricanes (the third-highest number ever recorded), and 5 “major hurricanes” were observed.
While the El Nino phenomenon in the Atlantic created good conditions for storms to form, it often prevented them from developing in the Pacific. The lowest number of hurricanes and tropical storms ever recorded was recorded in the Pacific.
The 2010 hurricane season broke several records. With “Igor” and “Julia,” two hurricanes reached the second-highest level of the hurricane scale on the same day. It hasn’t been in 84 years.
The hurricane “Julia” was at the same time the strongest hurricane recorded in the East Atlantic, with wind speeds of up to about 215 km / h. All four Category 4 hurricanes occurred within just 20 days; the previous record was 24 days in 1999.
The season started very slowly, and by August 20, just three tropical storms had formed, one of which turned into a hurricane. Hurricane “Alex” hit the coast in northeast Mexico at the end of June / beginning of July and caused some damage.
After August 20, one storm after the other emerged in unusually short succession; by September 28, there were a total of 11 storms in just 39 days. 5 more hurricanes followed it in October; not a single storm was recorded in November.
The following hurricanes in the 2010 season were noticeable due to their strength or the damage they caused.
I. Danielle, August
On August 20, a tropical wave hit the Atlantic south of the Cape Verde Islands. On 21/22 August, it upgraded to a Tropical Depression, and on August 22nd, it became Storm Danielle, the second hurricane of the season the following day.
Danielle temporarily reached category 2 on the hurricane scale with average wind speeds of up to 155 km / h but weakened briefly to a tropical storm on August 24th.
The hurricane then quickly intensified. It moved further west, later northwest, and on August 27, it became the first strong category 4 hurricane with mean wind speeds of up to about 215 km / h.
II. Earl, August
On August 23, a tropical wave hit the Atlantic south of the Cape Verde Islands. On August 25th, it upgraded to a Tropical Depression that lasted the night of August 26th. It quickly became the next tropical storm named “Earl.”
The storm intensified on August 29th further to a hurricane, which on 29/30 August hit parts of the northern Lesser Antilles. On the way west to the northwest, it became a strong category 4 hurricane on the 30th.
The hurricane struck the North Carolina coast and then the extreme northeast of New England, where it downgraded to a Tropical Storm at Nantucket, Massachusetts, on September 4th. At least one person was killed, and around 220,000 people were temporarily cut off from the power supply.
III. Igor, September
On September 6th, a tropical wave moved from Africa to the Atlantic. It resulted in the tropical storm “Igor,” which, after weakening temporarily, turned into a hurricane on the night of September 12th, which quickly grew stronger.
It moved in a wide arc as a powerful Category 4 hurricane, first to the west, then to the northwest. While weakening, “Igor” passed close west of Bermuda on September 20, where gusts of up to 150 km / h were registered.
IV. Julia, September
On September 11th, a tropical wave hit the Atlantic from Africa. The following day showers and thunderstorms formed around a center near the Cape Verde Islands.
On September 13th, the tropical storm “Julia” turned into a hurricane on September 14th and an intense hurricane on the same day. After “Julia” had streaked parts of the Cape Verde Islands as a storm, it did not threaten any other country.
V. Karl, September
Around September 8th, a tropical wave moved from the Atlantic to the area around the southern Lesser Antilles. On September 11th, showers and thunderstorms formed around a center in the eastern Caribbean.
It moved on to the western Caribbean, where the system upgraded to Tropical Storm “Karl” on the night of September 15. The storm crossed the Yucatan Peninsula and then intensified into a hurricane in the southern Gulf of Mexico. “Karl” hit the Mexican coast as an intense hurricane on September 17th.
4. Year 1969, 12 Hurricane with 5 Major Ones
|Total Financial Damage||1.495 Billion USD|
The 1969 hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season since 1933. It became the fourth most active Atlantic hurricane season on record.
The hurricane season started on May 29 and lasted until November 25. The season had the most systems reaching hurricane status – twelve – in a single season.
Despite many tropical storms, most remained above the sea, and when they landed, they often lost strength. The exception was Hurricane Camille, the heaviest storm of the season.
The 1969 season came at a time when the scientists made great strides in understanding tropical cyclones, their characteristics, and their development. As a result, many tropical storms were posthumously recognized during analyses.
Many tropical storms this season have also been transformed into posthumous hurricanes.
The season featured 17 tropical storms and one subtropical. Of the 17 tropical storms, 12 were hurricanes, and of the 12 hurricanes, five were in the third category.
The major hurricanes of 1969 with the most devastating impacts are:
I. Blanche, August
On 11 August, a tropical storm disruption developed a tropical depression north of the Bahamas.
The depression very quickly turned into a tropical storm and a hurricane on the same day, moving rapidly to the northeast. As a result, Blanche had already gone so far north the next day that it lost its tropical characteristics.
II. Camille, August
On August 14, a tropical storm turned into Hurricane Camille. Camille followed the warm ocean current that flowed from the Caribbean Sea through the Yucatan Strait warm seawater to the Gulf of Mexico.
Camille quickly gained strength and reached the third category before landing on August 15 in the far west of Cuba. It weakened temporarily, but once again in the Gulf of Mexico while continuing its course northward; it quickly became a fifth-rate hurricane.
On 17 August, a pressure of 905 hPa and a wind speed of 335 km / h reached Camille just before entering the Mississippi delta in Louisiana.
At the time, Camille was the second most expensive hurricane to hit the United States. It claimed at least 256 casualties and caused massive damage of more than 1.42 billion US Dollars.
5. Year 1933, 11 hurricanes with 6 major Ones
|Significant Hurricane||Hurricane Six and Eight|
|Total Financial Damage||86.6 Million USD|
The 1933 hurricane season in the Atlantic set the pre- weather satellite record for most tropical storms within a single season.
It also produced the highest accumulated cyclonic energy (ACE) on record in the Atlantic Basin, with a total of 259.
The season lasted the summer and the first half of autumn 1933, with activity as early as May and not until November. A tropical cyclone was active from June 28th to October 7th for 13 days.
Of the season’s 20 tropical storms, 11 achieved hurricane status. Six of them were severe hurricanes with sustained wind speeds of over 179 km / h.
Two of the hurricanes reached wind speeds of 160 mph (260 km / h), which corresponds to a category 5 hurricane scale.
The major hurricane of 1933 with devastating effects are:
I. Hurricane Six, August
A ship first reported about a tropical depression near the Cape Verde Islands on August 13. That system would turn out to be one of the most devastating hurricanes of the season.
The storm moved northwest and reached hurricane status on August 16. The hurricane continued to intensify, and on August 21, it passed as a Category 3 hurricane about 150 miles southwest of Bermuda.
On August 22nd, the hurricane turned west-northwest and peaked in intensity with maximum sustained winds of 140 mph (220 km / h), which is a category 4 hurricane on today’s Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale.
The hurricane caused moderate to severe damage in North Carolina and New Jersey due to high tides and high winds.
In Maryland, the storm’s effects caused severe crop damage, and many boats and piers were damaged or destroyed from the flood and storm surge. The hurricane caused $ 27 million in damage and 31 deaths.
II. Hurricane Eight, August
The 8th storm of the season was one of two storms in 1933 that reached Category 5 intensity on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale.
It formed off the west coast of Africa on August 22nd and held a west-northwest stretch for much of its duration. On August 31, it achieved Category 5 status and reached its peak wind of 160 mph (260 km / h).
It then weakened before hitting northern Cuba on September 1 with winds of 120 mph (190 km / h). The hurricane left around 100,000 people homeless and killed over 70 people in the country.
The damage was greatest near the storm track, and the high winds destroyed homes and left areas without power. The damage was estimated at $ 11 million.
6. Year 1950, 11 Hurricanes with 6 major Ones
|Total Financial Damage||43.39 Million USD|
The Atlantic hurricane season of 1950 was the first in the Atlantic Hurricane Database (HURDAT), in which storms were named in the Atlantic Basin.
The names were taken from the joint army/navy phonetic alphabet, with the first storm referred to as “Able” the second “Baker.”
It was a very active season with 16 tropical storms, eleven of which turned into hurricanes. 6 of these hurricanes were intense enough to be classified as major hurricanes.
It officially began on June 15, 1950, and ended on November 12, 1950. According to the U.S. Weather Bureau, from the start of the season on June 15 to early August, the tropical Atlantic remained remarkably calm compared to other seasons.
That changed on 12 August with the first tropical storm of the season to the east of the Lesser Antilles. The storm was named Hurricane Able that developed into a Level 3 hurricane in the following days.
Five more tropical storms formed over the next four weeks and escalated into Category 2 or higher hurricanes. The strongest was hurricane “Dog,” which reached the 4th category and the wind speed was up to 230 km / h.
The major devastating hurricane of 1950 are:
I. Dog, August
Hurricane Dog developed from a tropical wave that left the coast of Africa on August 24.
Dog was east of the Lesser Antilles at the time and quickly reached major hurricane status when it moved west-northwest. The dog passed through the Lesser Antilles in winds of 210 km / h.
The dog was considered to be among the worst hurricanes in Antigua’s history, where thousands of people were left homeless. The damage was estimated at $ 1 million ( $ 10.6 million 2021 USD), and there were two drowning deaths in the region.
II. Easy, September
Hurricane Easy formed on September 1 from a depression in the western Caribbean, which persisted after Hurricane Baker swept through the region in late August.
The hurricane swept through Cuba on September 3 and entered the Gulf of Mexico. Easy turned northwest and strengthened to its maximum intensity as a Category 3 hurricane.
The damage was heaviest in Cedar Key, where half of the homes were destroyed, and most of the remainder were damaged. The rains caused severe damage to crops in the region.
Across the region, Easy caused $ 3 million in economic damage; the total was less than expected due to the distributed population of the affected area. The hurricane was responsible for two deaths from electrocution.
7. Year 1995, 11 Hurricanes with 5 Major Ones
|Total Financial Damage||12.32 Billion USD|
The 1995 Atlantic hurricane season started on June 1 and ended on November 30, 1995.
Activity in the 1995 Atlantic hurricane season was well above average, with a total of 19 named storms and 11 hurricanes, 5 of which were at or above a Category 3 hurricane on the Hurricane Scale.
The season effectively began on June 2 with the formation of Hurricane Allison. In early August, Hurricane Erin affected much of the southeastern United States, causing more than $700 million in damage and six fatalities.
In September, Hurricane Luis practically destroyed the small island of Saint Martin in the Lesser Antilles.
Luis caused more than $1.8 billion in damage on the tiny island alone. Luis also caused another $700 million on other islands nearby.
The major 1995 hurricanes worth mentioning are:
I. Luis, August
Arising as a tropical storm on August 29, it quickly became a major hurricane after reaching Category 3 intensity on September 1. Later that day, Luis was upgraded to a Category 4 hurricane.
Strong winds and high waves have wreaked havoc on several islands in the Lesser Antilles.
In Antigua and Barbuda, winds at speeds of 195 km / h damaged numerous houses on Barbuda and destroyed nearly 45% of the homes in Antigua.
In Antigua and Barbuda alone, there were three deaths, 165 people were injured, and the damage amounted to $ 350 million.
II. Opal, October
Originating as a cyclone on 27th September, it quickly became a hurricane on October 2. On October 4, Opal peaked as a Category 4 hurricane with maximum sustained wind speeds of 240 km / h.
On October 5th, it went extratropical over Kentucky. The extratropical storm broke up over Ontario on October 6th.
The precursor and initial stages of opal brought heavy rains and floods to Guatemala and Mexico. About 34,000 people were left homeless.
Landslides caused damage to infrastructure and agriculture due to crop damage alone, amounting to around 17 million US dollars. Thirty-one deaths occurred in Guatemala.
In the United States, opal caused approximately $ 4.7 billion in damage and 27 deaths, including 14 in Georgia, 6 in Alabama, 5 in Florida, and 2 in North Carolina.
8. Year 2017, 10 Hurricanes with 6 Major Ones
|Significant Hurricane||Harvey and Irma|
|Total Financial Damage||Over 294 Billion Dollars|
The NOAA (United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) called the 2017 season “extremely active” and the most destructive so far in the 21st century after the one recorded in 2005.
The 2017 hurricane season was exceptionally active only from mid-August to early October. During this time, several meteorological conditions were met that favored increased activity.
The sea surface temperatures in the main tropical area were well above average. In addition, the wind differences between the air close to the ground and higher altitudes were extremely small.
An active West African monsoon produced enough precursors to tropical cyclones, and there was sufficient humidity in the middle to upper troposphere. The coincidence of these favorable circumstances “snapped” the season, so to speak, and led to a series of exceptionally strong storms.
Of the total of 17 named storms, ten developed into hurricanes, six of which were severe storms of category 3-5.
The major 2017 Hurricane that caused intense devastation are:
I. Harvey, August
Hurricane Harvey formed as a tropical storm that caused catastrophic flooding in southeastern Texas on 17th August 2017. It was the first significant hurricane to cause landfall in the United States.
The phenomenon began its course as a tropical storm but was quickly strengthened by the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico. It reached the city of Rockport with winds of more than 200 kilometers/hour (category 4) and headed south, devastating other cities, including Houston.
The hurricane caused 68 deaths and 125 billion US dollars financial damage.
II. Irma, August
On August 30, Hurricane Irma struck off Cape Verde and caused catastrophic destruction in the Caribbean. Meteorologists assigned it the highest (fifth) category on the hurricane scale.
The disaster destroyed 95% of the French island of Saint-Martin; more than a million people were left without water and electricity.
On three islands – Barbuda, Saint-Martin, and Saint-Barthelemy – more than 90% of structures were destroyed. The authorities say these places are no longer habitable.
The hurricane caused colossal damage to America.
Experts estimated it at $ 300 billion. It damaged 2,000 buildings and collapsed insurance stocks.
Unfortunately, the great catastrophe ended up taking the lives of almost 100 people.
9. Year 1998, 10 Hurricane with 3 major Ones
|Significant Hurricane||Georges and Mitch|
|Total Fatalities||More than 12,000|
|Total Financial Damage||Over 17 Billion Dollars|
The 1998 Atlantic hurricane season started on June 1 and lasted until November 30, 1998. However, the season ended only with Hurricane Nicole’s disbandment on December 1.
The most important storms of the season were Hurricane Georges and Hurricane Mitch. Georges caused serious damage in the Caribbean and the Gulf Coast of the United States and killed 603 people, the majority in the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
Mitch killed at least 11,000 people, the majority in Honduras and Nicaragua, and is thus the most casualty of the Atlantic hurricane in modern times.
According to experts, the 1998 season has left the highest fatalities in almost 200 years.
The major 1998 hurricanes are:
I. Georges, September
More than 600 people died in the Caribbean, mainly in Haiti and the Dominican Republic, after the passage of Georges, which also affected Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Florida Keys in September.
Georges became a powerful category four hurricane on the intensity scale, with winds of 240 kilometers per hour.
In September, for the first time in more than a century, there were four hurricanes at the same time: Georges, Ivan, Jeanne, and Karl.
More than 500 people died when Hurricane Georges swept through the northern Caribbean in September, claiming at least $ 2.5 billion in damage.
II. Mitch, November
On November 2, Central America discovered with horror the magnitude of the tragedy caused by Hurricane Mitch, which left thousands of deaths, devastating towns, and thousands of victims.
According to official data provided, the death toll in Honduras was estimated to be more than 5,000; in Nicaragua, one thousand and forty; in El Salvador, 144; in Guatemala, more than 100; while Costa Rica and Panama, 8; and almost a million victims throughout the Isthmus.
A similar situation occurred in Nicaragua, especially in Posoltega, where an avalanche buried five communities, leaving 850 dead and hundreds missing.
10. Year 2012, 10 Hurricanes with 2 major Hurricane
|Total Financial Damage||Over 72 Billion Dollars|
The 2012 season produced more storms and hurricanes, with a total of 19 tropical storms.
Of these, 10 storms intensified into hurricanes, of which, according to the data available so far, 2 reached at least level 3 on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale.
Initially, the climatologists expected that the hurricane season in the Atlantic would be weaker because of the warm water phenomenon El Nino.
However, the first tropical storm of the year called Alberto formed on May 19.
Since the formation of Tropical Storm Debby on June 23, this season is the first to record 4 named storms before July, although the record is dated to 1851.
The major hurricane of 2017 is:
I. Sandy, October
The 18th Tropical Depression of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season was formed on October 22nd in the Caribbean, south of the island of Jamaica.
On the same day, this became storm “Sandy,” which moved to Jamaica on October 24 with reinforcements for the tenth hurricane of the season.
Between Jamaica and eastern Cuba, “Sandy” reached Category 2 on the five-part hurricane scale and Category 3 just before it hit Cuba. More than 70 deaths were reported from Jamaica, Cuba, and Haiti, 54 of them in Haiti alone due to heavy rains and floods.
About 200,000 people in Haiti were left homeless. The hurricane weakened only temporarily over Cuba.
Because of its unusual extent as a semi-tropical system, large areas of New England were affected. There was a major storm here with considerable damage and flooding and far-reaching, long-lasting power outages.
According to media reports, there were at least 110 dead and 2 more in Canada, and many injured. The economic damage was in the tens of billions, and estimates reached over 50 billion US dollars.
In total, around 65 million people were affected by the storm. At times, more than 8 million people were cut off from the electricity supply.
In addition to the forceful wind gusts, there was damage from a record storm surge and heavy rain and snowfall inland. Hurricane “Sandy” was unusual in its course and track.
Hurricanes are not just limited to damaging winds, stresses, financial damage.
It also brings dangerous storms and powerful rains that cause major disasters such as flooding.
Regardless of the predicted activity, a storm is enough to have catastrophic impacts on lives and communities.
Climate change, rising sea temperatures, and global warming also trigger the rising catastrophic events of hurricanes.
With ongoing severe climate alteration, we wonder how 2022 and coming years going to be?
(Last Updated on March 24, 2022 by Sadrish Dabadi)