Medicinal plants hold a significant purpose in human health and disease prevention. Across history, several botanicals have been employed in the traditional system of medicine. 

Medications, beverages, soups, essential oils, and other herb-infused concoctions are also prominent. The medicinal plants differ in terms of how much analysis has been poured into them regarding health benefits for any illness.

Humans, however, appear unimpressed by this interaction and frequently refuse to reciprocate that protective gesture leading them to extinction. The empirical proof for common herbal medicines is mixed. There is a plethora of info for some, and there is only a handful for others.

Below you will unravel a list of 20 life-saving medicinal herbs that might be used when you or your treasured ones are sick. Discover them, and make sure you add them to your backyard for that uninterrupted supply of natural medicine.

Table of Contents

1. Evening Primrose Oil

Evening Primrose Oil
Evening Primrose Oil | Image Credit – Photo by james jeon
NameEvening Primrose Oil
LocalityNorth America
Used ForPCOS, atopic dermatitis, and diabetic neuropathy
AvailabilityEasily accessible

The oil yielded by the brilliant yellow evening primrose blossom is supposed to help with period pains and skin disorders like dermatitis. Evening primrose oil has been proven to have anti-inflammatory attributes in several clinical trials.

It has been shown to aid in treating atopic dermatitis and diabetic neuropathy. Several health issues, such as breast pain, may also benefit from it.

Recent studies suggest that altering hormones and insulin sensitivity in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome and administering it topically to treat moderate dermatitis can help reduce the symptoms.

2. Gingko

Gingko | Image Credit – Erin Wallace
Used ForDementia, Alzheimer’s disease
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Gingko is a vital ingredient in Eastern medicine, one of the ancient vegetation types. It is also one of the earliest homeopathic herbs. Tablets, pills, and infusions are made from the leaves, which can also be ingested as infused tea when appropriately dehydrated.

Its capacity to improve cognitive functioning is likely its most well-known attribute. Ginkgo has been shown to help those with mild to severe dementia. It also assists patients with Alzheimer’s disease to maintain their cognitive abilities.

3. Turmeric

Turmeric | Image Credit – Prachi Palwe
LocalitySouthern India and Indonesia
Used ForInfections, rheumatism, gastrointestinal problems, respiratory illnesses, anxiety, and liver cirrhosis
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Turmeric is a perennial herbaceous plant in the ginger family indigenous to South Asia. It has been around for more than 4,000 years for its therapeutic benefits.

Infections, rheumatism, gastrointestinal problems, respiratory illnesses, anxiety, and liver cirrhosis can benefit from the regular use of turmeric. As for supplementation or topical treatment, turmeric may render therapeutic potential for healthy skin.

4. California Poppy

California Poppy
California Poppy | Image Credit – Flickr
NameCalifornia Poppy
Used ForAnxiety and stress
AvailabilityEasily accessible

The poppy’s gorgeous blossoms have made it a famous opioid species. The herb is a stress reliever that one can use on anxious children without causing harm. It can be brewed into a drink to relieve anxiousness and stress quickly. A more potent infusion will provide pain alleviation.

5. Saint John’s-Wort

Saint John's Wort
Saint John’s Wort | Image Credit – Flickr
LocalityEurope, northern Africa, and western Asia
Used ForDepression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and menopausal symptoms.
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Saint-John’s-wort is a yellow-flowering herb. The herb is originally from Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa, but today it is found all across the American Continent. Botanical treatments and pills made from the flower and leaf are therapeutic remedies for various diseases.

Consequently, Saint-John’s-wort is best known as a herbal antidepressant. It has been shown in research to positively impact mild to moderate depressive disorders when administered for 12 weeks. Saint-John’s-wort can also be used to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder and menopausal symptoms.

6. Pacific Yew 

Pacific Yew 
Pacific Yew | Image Credit – Flickr
NamePacific Yew 
LocalityAmerican continents
Used ForTumors, gynecological disorders and cancer
AvailabilityEasily accessible

North American communities have historically embraced yew as traditional medicine. Ancient societies used it to make a beverage considered to be cancer-curing.

Yew has been proven to have the potential to block the development of some malignant tumors in contemporary Western medicine, and it is currently widely utilized for this purpose. Furthermore, the yew extract is being used to address gynecological disorders and cancer.

7. Rosy Periwinkle

Rosy Periwinkle
Rosy Periwinkle | Image Credit – Flickr
NameRosy Periwinkle
LocalitySouth Africa
Used ForDiabetes, blood cancer, malaria, and Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Rosy Periwinkle has historically been associated with passionate love and commitment, and it is also widely known for its medicinal properties. In Ancient Rome, munching the leaves of Rosy Periwinkle was supposed to relieve dysentery.

Periwinkle has importance in contemporary medicine as well. Professionals are now using it to treat various ailments, such as diabetes, blood cancer, malaria, and Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

8. Sweet Wormwood

Sweet Wormwood
Sweet Wormwood | Image Credit – Flickr
NameSweet Wormwood
Used ForTemperature rise, migraines, and sorenes
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Traditional Chinese medicine treats temperature rise, migraines, and soreness with sweet wormwood. The first recorded medical usage of sweet wormwood was almost 2,000 years ago in China. Sweet Wormwood has lately piqued medical curiosity as a potential malaria therapy.

9. Lady Ferns

Lady Ferns
Lady Ferns | Image Credit – Flickr
NameLady Ferns
LocalityUS and Alaska
Used ForAsthma, pneumonia, and bronchitis
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Lady ferns are a tall, pale green shrub indigenous to the northern hemisphere. It is frequently used as décor and in a variety of dishes. 

Lady Ferns have the ability to cure a variety of illnesses. The roots and stems are utilized for medical purposes. Asthma, pneumonia, and bronchitis can all be prevented using the plant’s roots.

10. Porcelain Berry

Porcelain Berry 
Porcelain Berry | Image Credit – Flickr
NamePorcelain Berry 
LocalitySoutheastern Massachusetts 
Used ForCure for blisters and wounds
AvailabilityEasily accessible

The roots of Ampelopsis japonica, which grow across eastern Asia and eastern North America, have been used as a medieval cure for blisters and wounds. Ampelopsis japonica has been shown to exhibit various pharmacological properties, notably neuroprotective, antibacterial, and anticancer properties. 

According to Lee et al., ethanol extracts from dehydrated roots of Ampelopsis japonica hastened the recovery of cutaneous scald injury in rats. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels were found to be higher two days after the injury and diminished as the wound healed.

11. Marigold

Marigold | Image Credit – Flickr
LocalitySouthwestern North America, tropical America, and South America
Used ForAllergies
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Marigold is a blooming species that thrive in a variety of soil conditions. They are often used to give brightness to an assortment of summertime recipes—Marigold’s anti-inflammatory effects aid in treating allergens while also promoting the development of new blood vessels.

12. Sage

Sage | Image Credit – Flickr
LocalityMediterranean region 
Used ForLowers the risk of chest, nose, and throat infections
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Sage is a potent herb with lovely blooms and delicate leaves. You can find this plant in backyard gardens and orchards. Sage’s stem, blossom, and leaves are beneficial in curing various ailments. 

The nutritional and antioxidant content of sage is exceptionally high. It lowers the risk of chest, nose, and throat infections. They have also been popularly used to ward off evil spirits. Just another way of emphasizing their importance!

13. Echinacea

Echinacea | Image Credit – Flickr
LocalityEastern and central North America
Used ForNasal congestion
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Echinacea is much more than the gorgeous purple coneflowers found in yards. For millennia, these blossoms have been used as medication in the guise of soups, teas, and infusions. They are now available as pills or additives. 

The most well-known use of echinacea is to relieve nasal congestion. Still, additional research is needed to confirm this effect and learn how echinacea improves resistance when a pathogen is detected.

14. Chinese rhubarb

Chinese rhubarb
Chinese rhubarb | Image Credit – Flickr
NameChinese rhubarb
Used ForConstipation, persistent liver and kidney illness, and skin blemishes
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Chinese rhubarb is one of the most well-known traditional herbal remedies with pharmacological effects. 

Rhubarb root infusions show potent antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and hemostatic properties, confirming its extensive application for constipation, persistent liver and kidney illness, and skin blemishes.

15. Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha | Image Credit – Wikimedia Commons
LocalityIndia, Africa, and parts of the Middle East
Used ForAlleviate stress, promote stamina, and improve cognitive function
AvailabilityEasily accessible

In Ayurvedic medicine, a holistic therapy based on Indian natural healing concepts, Ashwagandha is among the essential botanicals. It has alleviated stress, promote stamina, and improved cognitive function for over 3,000 years.

Its high content of acid derivatives, which has been demonstrated to inhibit inflammation and tumor formation, is accountable for numerous health benefits. Studies have found Ashwagandha to help reduce blood sugar levels and decrease cortisol levels.

16. Ginseng

Ginseng | Image Credit – Flickr
LocalityNorth America and in the Northern Hemisphere of eastern Asia in areas such as Korea, Bhutan, and eastern Siberia
Used ForEnhance blood flow,  lower blood sugar levels, promote resistance, and prevent cancer
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Ginseng is the most well recognized botanical herb that has been linked to a variety of health advantages. The plant comes in diverse shapes and sizes and is often dubbed “man-root” due to its form. Ginseng has been shown to enhance blood flow, promote resistance, and prevent cancers. 

The potent plant has also been proved to enhance diabetic therapy and lower blood sugar levels. Ginseng has been boosting learning and memory, making it a favorite anti-aging ingredient for supporting brain health in seniors.

17. Alfalfa

Alfalfa | Image Credit – Flickr
LocalityNorth America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand.
Used ForMorning disease, vomiting, kidney problems, and urine discomfort
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Alfalfa is used as cattle fodder for a specific purpose: high in minerals, vitamins, and other health-promoting elements and phytonutrients. Alfalfa is often called the “father of all plants” because of its 20 to 30 foot deep roots. 

Alfalfa originated in the Mediterranean and the Middle East, but it has since expanded throughout most countries in Europe and the United States. Morning disease, vomiting, kidney problems, and urine discomfort can all be treated with alfalfa. 

It is a natural cleanser with a touch of stimulating punch that can help you re-energize after a battle with the disease. It is also a hepatic and colon cleanser that can help lower cholesterol over time. You can buy alfalfa seeds, but eating the leaves directly from the plant is even better.

18. Burdock Herb

Burdock Herb
Burdock Herb | Image Credit – Flickr
NameBurdock Herb
LocalityNorthern Asia and Europe
Used ForKill germs, reduce fever, and purify blood
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Burdock, sometimes known as cocklebur, is a thorny, thistle-like perennial herb widely common worldwide. It can grow quite large, and its leaves mimic those of the elephant ear plant. 

Please don’t consider the burdock an annoyance because it gets trapped in the hair of your dear pets. It is, in fact, an especially powerful poison ivy and poison oak remedy.

19. Wild Quinine

Wild Quinine
Wild Quinine | Image Credit – Flickr
NameWild Quinine
LocalityEastern and the Midwestern United States
Used ForDebilitation, weariness, lung infections, gastrointestinal infections, and sexually transmitted diseases.  
AvailabilityEasily accessible

According to Alternative Nature Online, wild quinine is a vigorous botanical plant utilized as an antiperiodic, emmenagogue, kidney, lithontriptic, and poultice. It has been used in unconventional medicine for a long time to cure debilitation, weariness, lung infections, gastrointestinal infections, and sexually transmitted diseases.  

Quinine is well-known for its ability to heal a combination of ailments. Only the root and blossoms are edible; you should avoid the rest of the plant as it can lead to poisoning.

20. Feverfew

Feverfew | Image Credit – Flickr
LocalityAustralia, Europe, China, Japan, and North Africa
Used ForRheumatism, arthritis, migraine, and tension headaches
AvailabilityEasily accessible

Feverfew is a herb with well-known and well-documented nutritional and therapeutic characteristics. Rheumatism, arthritis, and, most notably, migraine and tension headaches can all be treated with this anti-inflammatory herb. 

It also helps to relieve stress and anxiousness in particular. Feverfew aids in the reduction of soreness and inflammation. Though feverfew is most beneficial when consumed daily, it can also be used as a pain reliever when Advil isn’t available.

To Conclude

Herbal medicine is regarded as an alternative or complementary approach. These plants are not intended to be used in place of established treatments prescribed by a medical professional. 

It is vital to remember that nature does not always imply safe. Some herbs have unfavorable side effects and may interfere with your prescriptions.

Hence, make sure you do thorough research on the benefits and side effects of the herb you plan to incorporate with your morning tea. Better still, consult with your physician to prevent any ill effects.

(Last Updated on April 25, 2022 by Sadrish Dabadi)

Shradha Bhatta holds a Bachelors’s Degree in Social Work along with a Post-graduate degree in Project Management from Georgian College in Canada. Shradha enjoys writing on a variety of topics and takes pleasure in discovering new ideas. She likes traveling and spending time with nature. She is a very people-person who loves talking about climate change and alerting people to go green!