The overuse of non-renewable resources available in nature has led to major changes. The insane amount of fossil fuels and their oil has led to their reduced quantity and environmental pollution at the same time.

As a consequence, we are facing environmental issues like climate change. Therefore it’s high time that we start taking steps against these issues and make this world a better place to live in.

What is Renewable Energy?

Renewable energy is the naturally generated energy that exists infinitely in nature. It won’t deplete no matter how many times you use it. We need to use more renewable power today to save our planet.

Renewable energy is generated from elements of nature that won’t face scarcity. These sources include the sun, the wind, the water, the Earth, fossils, and biomass. The energy generated from these sources is efficient, clean, and, most importantly, cost-effective.

While switching to renewable power, using some of these energy resources may cost more initially, they will surely reduce your electricity bills in the long run.

In this article, you will learn about what benefits and drawbacks these renewable energy sources possess and also about different types of renewable energy sources.

Types of Renewable Energy Sources

While renewable energy is available infinitely in nature, there are different sources for them. Here are the primary sources that can generate renewable energy.

Solar Energy

Solar Energy

This type of energy is produced by the energy received from the sun. Solar panels embedded with photovoltaic cells help to absorb this type of energy and convert it into electrical energy.

Wind Energy

Wind Energy

The speed of the wind is utilized to produce wind energy. The higher the wind speed, the more electricity it can generate. A wind turbine converts wind energy into electricity.

Hydro Energy


Hydropower is one of the most popular and widely-used energy sources. Electric current is produced through the falling water and then distributed through a generator.


Source of Biomass

The form of energy produced through solid plant materials is called biomass. It produces fuels through agricultural, industrial, and domestic waste in solid, liquid, and gas. It requires burning organic materials. Yet, it creates much less environmental harm than non- renewable resources.

Tidal Energy

Tidal energy

The electric energy produced through the tides of the ocean is called tidal energy. It is much like wind energy and creates energy through tidal stream generators. It is not very common at present. However, it has a high potential for the future.

Geothermal Energy

Geothermal Energy

Geothermal Energy is the source of heat energy produced from within the Earth. It requires drilling of pipes in the places where steam and water trying to escape the Earth are preserved under high pressure.

Advantages of Renewable Energy


Since renewable energy sources provide clean energy, they are not dangerous to your appliances. They are hygienic, unlike fossil fuel. Similarly, fossil fuels are finite, so we are running out of the fuel we use for power.

Renewable energy sources are abundant, and they go beyond being finite. The possibilities and potential of the use of these sources if virtually limitless.


There are different types of renewable energy that you can choose from according to your convenience. You can use solar, wind, hydropower, tidal, or any other kind of energy to produce clean energy for yourself.

The base for Energy Freedom

Because you can own these power sources on your own, you will have energy freedom. Having energy freedom means you won’t have to depend upon your state or government for power supply. Be it an electricity or heating system, you can produce energy for yourself, and thus provide very little profit to the government.


Since renewable energy is available infinitely in nature, you won’t ever have to face a lack of it. Therefore, it also is very stable, and there are minimal cases of low voltage or power cuts. With an infrastructure to support it, it can become a dependable resource.

The service and maintenance of these energy production grids create jobs as well. Also, isolated and rural communities can benefit from the transfer of the power produced.

Substitute for Fuel

Finally, renewable energy replaces fossil fuel, which is non- renewable. Also, it emits a lot of harmful chemicals to the environment. Renewable energy does not do that since all the sources produce electricity through a slight change in the natural phenomenon of the natural elements.

Renewable energy is ideal for the Earth in the wake of environmental degradation and crisis. They release little to no pollutants or greenhouse gases in the air, which can reduce respiratory health issues as well.

Disadvantages of Renewable Energy

Location limitations

Some types of renewable energy are only applicable to a specific kind of location. For example, solar energy is useless in cold and foggy regions. Similarly, wind energy cannot be used in places that face barely any wind. Thus, one should think carefully about which energy type they want to utilize.

Need storage capacity

Renewable energy does not have a storage system. Because of that, we need backup storage systems to preserve the energy produced through it. There are storage technologies available today, but they can be expensive.

Although the cost of a backup storage unit may add to your expenses, the storage capacity is growing, and the batteries are becoming more affordable with time.


Some renewable energy, like biomass, needs to be burned to utilize. The burning material emits smoke and causes air pollution. Similarly, hydropower may cause disturbances in the biodiversity of water resources.

Thus, while trying to generate power through such means, we have to keep the environment in mind. While most sources are clean, the methods to generate electricity from them can have adverse effects on the ecosystems.

Need frequent funding

Because renewable energy sources do not collect a lot of finances from their consumers, they need constant funding. They are dependant upon a financial source for service and maintenance.

Installing wind turbines, solar panels, and hydroelectricity plants are expensive. Without investments and funding, the production of these production grids will be limited to plans and not implemented.

Require a huge space

Usually, machines that help convert these natural renewable energy sources into usable power are enormous. So, they require a massive amount of space. Therefore, if you are planning to install any of these systems in your house, you need to make sure you have enough space.

Reduce overreliance on a single non-renewable source

While we are slowly moving towards more sustainable methods of using energy, we are still highly relied on the non-renewables. Because of this issue, the world cannot be entirely sustainable despite the availability of sources.

Be it because of a lack of required technology, or the expenses; something is always stopping us from being sustainable and environmental. Nonetheless, there are some ways we can reduce such a pattern.

While renewable energy sources are good for the environment, and it is best to switch to these sources, there are chances of overuse of these as well. Such is the pattern of energy use in the world, but there are quite a few kinds of sources that can be relied on except just one.

You can adapt to renewable natural resources by starting small. You can start by using small appliances run by solar energy. Once started, you can gradually change other devices into the environment-friendly.

You can use the waste in your house to produce biomass and energy from it. You can shift from one source to another and not rely on just one source that you install. Switching between sources is ideal for making use of the power available from different sources and create an eco-friendly print.

Although investing in renewable methods is expensive, they are cost-effective and serve better than the traditional power options in the long run. Make sure you find out about the different grids that can help you create clean and sustainable energy.


The advantages of renewable energy outweigh the disadvantages. Despite the disadvantages, it helps preserve our Earth. Also, these flaws exist because of the lack of attention given to them.

However, the technology in renewable energy has potential that has yet to be realized. The potential hasn’t met the mark due to some limitations. Once people start investing in this technology, it becomes economical and environmentally beneficial.

Nina Howell is a Rewenable Energy researcher and consultant based out of Houston, Texas Area. She earned her Master's Degree in Energy and Earth Resources from Austin Jackson School of Geosciences in 2010, and a Bachelor's Degree in Environmental Science from State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry in 2008. Nina has been working in the energy sector since 2011. She worked as an Energy Supply Analyst from 2011 to 2017 in Bounce Energy and then as a Research and Energy Consultant at GE Renewable Energy from March 2017 to February 2020 . Nina is a mom of 2 beautiful children who are joy to her life. She strongly believes in eco-friendly living and is vocal about renewable energy, environmental issues, water crisis, and sustainable living.